Locs are drawn to esaohsh who has the wile chessmen and thus , who can move first. This player is then allowed the 16 black chess pieces. The board is positioned so that each player has a dark corner square on his left. The two rooks are positioned on the two corner square to the left and right. Next to these come the two corner square to the left and right. Next to these. the two bis hops and in the center. The queen and king, the white queen is always positioned on a light square the black queen on a dark square. The eight paws are then placed adjacently in the vance from its initial square on the second rank. the pawn has the option of moving one or Two-squa res. The rook moves only on the ranks and files any distance and the bishop only on the diagonals. The queen can move in any direction The knights are the only pieces which are able to change direction during the course of a move and "jump over" one's own or one's opponent's pi ces; a king takes one step of one single square along the file or rank and then. still moving many from the square that has left, takes one step along the diagonal. The king may move in any direction one step at a time.
All pieces start from the pawns capture in the normal direction of movement described above. However, the paws which normally only move in a straight line may only capture diagonally to the left or right and only forwards. It is not obligatory to capture your opponent. If the king is threatened, check must be given(the player must declare check) The opponent is then obliged to protect his king by moving the king to another square or moving one of his own pieces between it and the threatening piece or capturing the opposing attacker. If he is unable to make any of the above moves. the king is said to be checkmared and the game ends in favor of the opponent.
We must dtill mention one pecuharly-castling. Casthng is a compound move of the king and one rook (formally called "castle") that may be made. If at all only once in a game. It is legal if neither the king nor the rook has yet moved. If all the squares between them on the rank are vacant and no adverse piece commands two squares nearest the king on the side on which castling is to be carred out and if the king is not in chect. The move is executed by moving the king two squares towarad the rook and then placing the rook on the square passed over by the king.